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Common Bile Duct (CBD)

CBD EXPLORATION FOR OBSTRUCTION: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is used for removal of the obstruction. CHOLEDUCTECTONOSTOMY (Excision for CBD stone/ stricture): It involves removal of stones in the common bile duct which causes biliary obstruction, cholangitis, pancreatitis, or secondary biliary cirrhosis in patients. HEPATICOJEJUNOSTOMY (For CBD stricture/cancer): It involves surgery to relieve biliary obstructive and infectious complications.